The Prevalence of ABO Blood and RhD Postive and RhD Negative among the Students of Peshawar, Pakistan
Keywords:ABO, Blood Group, Phenotype, Rh Factor
This study aims to find the prevalence of ABO blood Group and Rh D among the Students of Peshawar, Pakistan.
It was a cross-sectional study conducted at the private paramedical institute of Peshawar over six months. Three hundred and fifty (350) students from different paramedical institutes participated. This study was conducted to determine blood groups in the paramedical institute. The blood of each student was collected by venipuncture techniques. Lancet was used for blood taking. Blood groupings were performed using commercially available Anti-sera A, B, and D as reagents for blood grouping.
Blood group A was prevalent (31.7%), followed by blood group B (31.1%), O (28.3%), and AB (8.9%). The Rh D distribution also varies among the four ABO blood group types. The total percentage of Rh D positive was (86.3%), and the Rh D negative was (13.7%).
This study concluded that blood group A was the most common among the other blood groups: B, O and AB.
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